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What is Apex Methods?

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what is apex methods

Apex is a multi-tenant programming language used by Salesforce developers for building business applications. Apex transforms the Method used by developers to create on-demand applications. 

In Salesforce, developers can use Apex to create CRM applications, and they can also create 3rd party SaaS applications. Apex also offers other features, such as customization of the pre-built applications according to the business needs and requirements.

Apex Methods are powerful tools that can help you automate processes and make workflows more efficient. By using Apex, you can declaratively specify the order in which actions should be taken and configure your methods to be triggered by specific events. This makes it easy to ensure that your processes always keep up with your business needs.

This guide will help you understand Apex Class Methods and how they are helpful for building applications on the Salesforce platform. 

What is Apex?

Apex is a proprietary programming language developed by Salesforce. It is an object-oriented and robust programming language for building CRM and other business applications.

Developers can also use this programming language to build 3rd party SaaS applications and customize other system events like Visualforce button clicks and pages. It is possible by providing back-end database support and client-server interfaces. 

Apex also allows the developers to implement flow control and transactional statement with the Force.com API on its server. 

The syntax of Apex is similar to Java, and the programming language is also based on Java. But some syntax and classes are different because they have web development features more than app development features. 

You can enjoy coding Apex in various Salesforce editions like Developer Edition and sandbox environments of Enterprise Edition and Unlimited Edition. 

Now that you’re familiar with the Apex language and its usage let’s look at the features of Apex before getting into the nitty-gritty of Apex Class Methods.

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Top Features of Apex 

The features of Apex language are as follows:-

  1. The language provides easy testing. It supports unit execution and creation and gives the test results about the code coverage. Furthermore, it defines the coding parts that can be organized effectively. 
  2. It runs in a shared environment. So, Apex is designed not to affect the shared resources, and the engine saves it from the runaway code. A simple error text appears whenever the code breaches the limits. 
  3. The Apex language is a strongly typed language that runs with direct reference to Schema Objects. If an object belongs to the incorrect data type, it fails immediately. 
  4. Apex is created to implement multiple queries and DML together. It gives various transaction statements on the database. So, it is firmly integrated with data.
  5. Apex programming language is an easy-to-use language that anyone can learn with the right resources and approach. It uses Java-like Syntax—for Example, Variable Declaration, Loop Syntax, object, array notation, etc. 
  6. As a part of the Salesforce platform, Apex upgrades automatically. So the developers don’t have to worry about upgrading it manually. 
  7. Apex has built-in support for DML operations. It also supports Salesforce Object Search Language (SOSL) and Salesforce Object Query Language (SOQL) query handling. 

Before understanding Apex Class Methods, let’s learn more about Apex Classes in Salesforce. 

Also, Read about What is the Salesforce AppExchange?

Apex Classes in Salesforce

Just like in Java, you can write Classes in Apex. A Class is a blueprint to create Objects. An object is an instance of a Class. 

A Class can have Methods and Variables. To specify the state of an object, we use Variables. Variables are related to the Class, also known as Member Variables. To control the behavior of the Class, we use Methods.

Apex Class Methods

There are two modifiers for Class Methods-

  1. Private
  2. Public

And the Return Type is necessary for Method.

You have to specify the following to define a Method:-

  1. Optional:- Modifiers such as public or protected
  2. Required:- 
  • The data type of the value returned by the Method. You can use Void if the value is not returned by the Method.
  • A list of input parameters for the Method, separated by commas, each preceded by its data type, and enclosed in parentheses (). If there are no parameters, use a set of empty parentheses. A method can only have 32 input parameters.
  • The body of the Method, enclosed in braces {}

You can use the user-defined methods anywhere in the system. User-defined methods can also be recursive and have consequences like DML insert statements. They can be polymorphic. For Example, a method called Example can be executed in two ways- by using Two Integer Parameters and Single Integer Parameters. 

Also, Read about Salesforce Dynamic Forms

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Access Modifiers

You can use Access Modifiers for class methods to specify access levels:

  • Global – Accessible by all the Apex classes
  • . Public – Access from anywhere in and outside the Class 
  • Private – Accessible only within the Class 

Summing Up

Learning the Apex programming language can seem a daunting task at first, but if you aspire to be a Salesforce developer, then you must know the basics and have working knowledge to clear the certification. This guide introduced you to Apex and Apex Class Methods, and we have only scratched the surface till now. It would be best if you learned more about these practice writing Apex Classes to make yourself perfect with programmatic development in Salesforce. 

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